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What are Digestive Enzymes? – Definition, Types, Benefits, and More

Digestive Enzymes

Digestive Enzymes Definition

Basically, digestive enzymes are molecules created by our body responsible for breaking down the polymers present in food into smaller molecules. So that they are easily absorbed, in other words, enzymes are essential for healthy digestion.

For this reason, you have to take care of them. A low diet or aging can reduce enzyme production and harm the body.

Each enzyme has a specific function. Some are responsible for transporting nutrients, others for eliminating toxic waste or the purification of the blood in the liver, or the brain’s nutrition.

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What are the Types of Digestive Enzymes?

  • There are three types of digestive enzymes, depending on the kind of food on which they act.
  • Lipases are those that digest fats. After their breakdown into fatty acids and glycerin, they synthesize by the pancreas.
  • Proteases break the peptide bonds of proteins, reducing them to organic monomers called amino acids. They originate in the stomach or pancreas.
  • And the so-called amylases degrade starches and complex sugars in the diet by breaking the glycosidic bonds.
  • And they are releasing monosaccharides (primarily glucose). There are three types of amylases: ptyalin, pancreatic amylase, and duodenal amylase.

What are the Benefits of Digestive Enzymes?

  • They help digestion and reduce the so-called “acidity.
  • And reduce the sensation of bloating and gas.
  • It improves the digestion of dairy products.
  • And decrease food allergies due to the excellent digestion of proteins.
  • Improve the conditions of hiatal hernia and ulcers.

What are its Properties?

  • Digestive enzymes contain two types of enzymes (proteases and fermented rice starch). It also helps break down food substances to improve the absorption and cellulose, lactose, or lipids. It contains 300 GDU, that is, protein digestion units.

1. Marine Coral

  • They are essential salts with high calcium and magnesium content that reduce and eliminate heartburn symptoms.

2. Ginger

  • It is a plant widely used from the therapeutic perspective as a stimulant of digestion and carminative. It helps you digest faster because of its assets in the rhizome.

3. Probiotics

  • A different species of bacteria that help regulate the intestinal flora.

Which Foods contain Digestive Enzymes?

  • Some natural foods contain digestive enzymes. Keep in mind that the enzymes in most foods reduce when cooked. That is why the foods that have the most enzymes are fruits and vegetables.
  • For example, the papaya has an enzyme called papain, useful for people who do not produce enough enzyme pancreatic. And it causes the symptoms of indigestion, such as gas, bloating, and flatulence.
  • The pineapple has a high content of bromelain, which acts as an aid for ingestion and reduces inflammation. The kiwi contains actinidin, an enzyme acting as a catalyst for protein digestion.
  • Also, raw vegetables, especially green ones, such as broccoli, celery, and parsley, contain high doses of enzymes.
  • The honey also improves digestion. It contains digestive enzymes that help improve bowel movement and food absorption.

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